What is Back pain?

Back pain is one of the most common health problems that people suffer from the world over. Most human beings would have suffered from back pain at least once in their lives. At its most benign, back pain can be minor discomfort, and signal a temporary muscle injury. At its worst, though, it can be a symptom for more serious neurological or bone-related medical conditions. 

Most back pain episodes can be treated with light exercises, home remedies, or even just letting it be. A benign back pain episode should be over by at most a couple of weeks and usually subsides if the cause is removed or managed. But if the pain persists or becomes severely disabling, deeper medical attention is needed. 

Symptoms

  • Back pain usually takes the form of:
  • muscle ache
  • shooting or stabbing pain in the lower back
  • discomfort and ache while moving, bending, walking, or running
  • pain that travels to other body parts; usually along the spine or legs
  • stiffness in the lower or upper back

What causes back pain?

A lot of things can trigger back pain, and a removal of those triggers help subside it. if the pain is a symptom of an underlying problem, a proper diagnosis and treatment regime is needed.

  • Muscle or Ligament sprain: This can be caused by repeated heavy lifting or sudden movements that bends or twists your muscle/bones in unusual ways.
  • bodily exhaustion: Long hours of hard physical work can weaken back muscles and create vulnerabilities. 
  • Sedentary lifestyle: Sitting for long hours without enough physical exercise comes with a host of problems, including obesity and back pain. 
  • Disk injury: Disks protect the bone joints of our vertebrae, and problems in the spinal disks can cause mild to severe back pain. The soft tissues in the disks may get ruptured or inflamed due to bodily injuries, and that destabilizes the entire spinal structure, affecting the nerve ends and causing pain. 
  • Bone disease: Brittle or weak bone structure caused by bone diseases like Osteoporosis often leads to back pain, as the weak bones are unable to support the body weight. Same goes with Arthritis that often affects the lower back and can sometimes cause your spine to bend sideways.

When to see a doctor

  • When the pain follows a severe injury
  • When the pain persists beyond a week
  • In case of severe, stabbing pain, especially in the lower back or spinal regions
  • If the pain starts traveling to your legs